https://gjstd.org/index.php/GJSTD/issue/feed Ghana Journal of Science, Technology and Development 2021-02-23T13:10:47+00:00 Editor in Chief tansah@uds.edu.gh Open Journal Systems Ghana Journal of Science, Technology and Development (GJSTD) is an online double blind peer review journal which publishes scholarly articles in all disciplines of science, technology and development and will normally be published every quarter of the year https://gjstd.org/index.php/GJSTD/article/view/255 Diversity Profiling of Helminth Eggs in Waste Stabilisation Ponds in the Tamale Metropolis, Ghana 2021-02-23T13:10:47+00:00 Felix K. ABAGALE fabagale@uds.edu.gh Richard A OSEI fabagale@uds.edu.gh <p>Eggs of intestinal nematodes are of great health risk, they are mostly released from human excreta and recognised as causative agents of excreta-associated infections. Engineered waste stabilisation ponds serve as treatment vessels for inactivation of such helminths. The study determined the diversity profile and level of concentration of helminth eggs in waste stabilisation ponds in the Tamale Metropolis landfill site. The results of the study indicated concentration levels of 23.6, 20.8, 13.3 and 10.7 eggs/litre for the anaerobic, primary facultative, secondary facultative and maturation ponds, respectively. Concentration of helminth eggs among the various ponds varied significantly (p &lt; 0.001). Eggs of Strongyloides stercoralis, Ascaris lumbricoides and Necator americanus were identified as the most abundant with average concentrations of 295, 124 and 78 eggs/litre, respectively. Diversity profile analyses showed that helminth eggs were highly diverse in all ponds and recording various levels especially in the maturation ponds. Taenia spp, Diphyllobothrium latum, Paragonimus westermani, Fasciola spp, Metagonimus yokogawi and Enterobius vermicularis all recorded no egg in samples collected from the maturation pond. Results also showed a concentration reduction serially of helminth eggs from the anaerobic pond to the maturation pond. Three species were dominant in all treatment ponds out of 11 identified species during the study. The primary facultative pond recorded the highest values for all the indices indicating a high level of diversity whilst the secondary facultative pond recorded the lowest thus indicating a low level of diversity.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Helminth, Eggs, Concentration, Diversity, Waste, Stabilisation Pond</p> 2021-01-25T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://gjstd.org/index.php/GJSTD/article/view/267 Do climate-smart agricultural practices drive food security of maize farming households in Ogun state, Nigeria? 2021-02-23T12:55:13+00:00 Ogheneruemu OBI-EGBEDI gheneobi@gmail.com Omotade Taofikat OLADAPO ebenneutz@gmail.com <p><em>Using multiple Climate-Smart Agricultural Practices (CSAP) have proven to be effective in combating the challenges of climate variability which affect the food security of smallholders, especially cereal farmers. Limited information exists on CSAP users and food security in Nigeria. Therefore, the effect of CSAP on food security among maize farmers in Ogun State, Nigeria was examined. Primary data was collected from 252 maize farmers with the aid of a well-structured questionnaire through a three-stage sampling procedure and analyzed using descriptive statistics, household dietary diversity score, Simpson index and ordered logit regression model. On the average, the maize farmers were 47 years old, had household size of five persons and farm size of 1.8ha. Most maize farmers were </em><em>high users of</em><em> CSAP (</em><em>60.00%</em><em>) </em><em>and also</em><em> food insecure (</em><em>54.15</em><em>%) due to low dietary diversity score while, 45.85% were food secure due to medium and high dietary diversity. The level of CSAP used, positively influenced the probability of being food secure at 5% significance level, alongside age and access to extension agents at 1% level. Being a male maize farmer and household size reduced the probability of food security at 1% level. It was concluded that Climate-Smart Agricultural Practices improve food security among maize farmers and should thus be encouraged. Food security programs among farmers should target older farmers and females while increasing access to extension services and enlightenment on birth control measures.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em></strong><em>: Climate Smart Agricultural Practices, Food Security, Household Dietary Diversity Score, Maize farmers. </em></p> 2021-01-25T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://gjstd.org/index.php/GJSTD/article/view/266 The potential of false yam as livestock feed: A review 2021-02-23T12:55:13+00:00 Robert NIAYALE niayalerobert@gmail.com Weseh ADDAH ebenneutz@gmail.com Herbert K. DEI ebenneutz@gmail.com <p><em>False yam is a perennial shrub native to the savannah areas of West and Central Africa yielding large tubers which can weigh over </em><em>50 kg</em> <em>and contain high amounts of carbohydrates and other nutrients. The tuber, seeds and fruits have been used as food for humans across West to Central Africa especially during periods of famine. The leaves and tuber have also been used as a livestock feed. Extracts from the plant have antimalarial, antimicrobial, antioxidant, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory properties as well as a pesticide. However, the plant contains toxic compounds referred to as anti-nutritional factors which limit its utilization as a feed material. These anti-nutritional factors reduce the palatability, intake, growth performance and may even be lethal when taken beyond certain quantities. To enhance its usage as feed material, methods such as soaking, boiling, fermentation and/or a combination of these methods as well as the addition of additives have been studied by various researchers as a way of reducing or eliminating these toxic compounds and improving its nutritional content. </em><em>The main aim of this review is to give an overview of the use of parts of the plant in feeding livestock and the processing methods employed to improve on its utilization.</em><em> The false yam is an underexplored plant hence t</em><em>his review would provide literature on the utilization of the false yam plant as a potential source of feed and help open research gaps for further studies to enhance its utilization.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords: </em></strong><em>Anti-nutritional factors, </em><em>Digestibility,</em> <em>False yam, Feed</em><em> intake,</em><em> Icacina, </em></p> 2021-01-25T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##